Oral and Maxillofacial surgery deals with the diagnosis and treatment of a number of functional, and aesthetic conditions, of the bones, skin, and muscles of the face, mouth, and jaws. It can be described as a bridge between medicine and dentistry. Therefore, a range of oral and maxillofacial surgical operations are carried out on an outpatient basis under local anesthesia in the dental chair; however, some may require a short general anesthetic as a day case procedures. More major maxillofacial surgeries are carried out on an inpatient basis under general anesthesia.
Due to the nature of the specialty, oral and maxillofacial surgeons often work alongside a variety of specialists in other fields such as ENT surgeons, clinical oncologists, plastic surgeons, orthodontists, restorative dentists, radiologists and neurosurgeons.